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Plus Size Sundresses and Summer Dresses. Bali Batiks Resort Wear. Calida Intimates on Sale. Eagle Ray Batik Dresses. By the late 16th and early 17th centuries, decorative patterns on the fabrics had become smaller and brighter. By the second half of the 17th century, the most precious kaftans were those with 'yollu': Kaftans were made from velvet, aba , bürümcük a type of crepe with a silk warp and cotton weft , canfes , çatma a heavy silk brocade , gezi , diba Persian: The Ottoman Empire never extended its reach as far as Morocco , where a form of kaftan was in use for many years prior to that time.
The kaftan was adapted and refashioned by Moroccan garment makers "Maalem" during the Marinid dynasty , when it was worn by the region's royalty. It was later adopted by the wider public as a form of dress during the Saadi dynasty. From the beginning of the 13th century around in the Islamic calendar , the city of Fez was known for its textile factories, of which it had some 3, at that time. In modern-day Morocco, kaftans are principally worn by women, and the word kaftan in Morocco is commonly used to mean "one-piece dress".
Alternative two-piece versions of Moroccan kaftans are called Takchita and are worn with a large belt. The Takchita is also known as Mansouria , deriving from the name of Sultan Ahmad al-Mansur  who invented the new fashion of wearing a two-piece kaftan. Historically, there are many styles of Moroccan kaftan, such as those worn in Tétouan , Fez , Rabat , Salé , and Marrakesh.
They may be made of brocade, velvet, silk and many other fabrics. Kaftans may be worn both on casual and on formal occasions, depending on the materials used. In West Africa , a kaftan is a pullover robe, worn by both men and women.
The women's robe is called a kaftan , and the men's garment is referred to as a Senegalese kaftan. A Senegalese kaftan is a pullover men's robe with long bell-like sleeves.
In the Wolof language , this robe is called a mbubb and in French, it is called a boubou. The Senegalese kaftan is an ankle-length garment, and is worn with matching drawstring pants called tubay. Usually made of cotton brocade, lace, or synthetic fabrics, these robes are common throughout West Africa. A kaftan and matching pants are called a kaftan suit.
The kaftan suit is worn with a kufi cap. Persian kaftan robes of honour were commonly known as khalat or kelat.
Hasidic Jewish culture adapted a silky robe bekishe or frock coat kapoteh from the garb of Slavic nobility, which was itself a type of kaftan.
The term kapoteh may originate from the Spanish capote or possibly from "kaftan" via Ladino. Sephardic Jews from Muslim countries wore a kaftan similar to those of their neighbours. In Russia , the word "kaftan" is used for another type of clothing: The word "kaftan" was adopted from the Tatar language, which in turn borrowed the word from Turkish. Currently, they are used as ritual religious clothing by the most conservative sect of Old Believers. In Southeast Asia , the kaftan was originally worn by Arab traders , as seen in early lithographs and photographs from the region.
Religious communities that formed as Islam became established later adopted this style of dress as a distinguishing feature, under a variety of names deriving from Arabic and Persian such as " jubah ", a robe, and "cadar", a veil or chador. More recently, the kaftan was introduced to the west in the s when Alix of Hesse wore the traditional Russian kaftan during her coronation. The kaftan slowly gained popularity, for its exoticism and as a form of loose-fitting clothing.
French fashion designer Paul Poiret further popularised this style in the early 20th century. In the s, fashion designers such as Christian Dior and Balenciaga adopted the kaftan as a loose evening gown or robe in their collections. American hippie fashions of the late s and the s often drew inspiration from ethnic styles, including kaftans. These styles were brought to the United States by people who journeyed the so-called " hippie trail ".